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Name: Minors in Laboratories Policy - Interim
Responsible Office: Office of Environmental Health & Safety

Applies to: (examples; Faculty,Staff, Students, etc)

Students , Contractors_Vendors

Policy Overview:

Issued: 02-21-2018
Next Review Date: 04-16-2019
Frequency of Reviews: Annually

The Saint Louis College of Pharmacy Office of Environmental Health and Safety is committed to providing a safe and healthful educational and employment environment for its entire community through collaboration, support and best practice integration into the campus culture.  This policy specifically applies to minors who are involved in laboratory activities on the St. Louis College of Pharmacy campus. To assure the health and wellness of minors visiting the St. Louis College of Pharmacy, the Minors in Laboratories Policy has been established.

This policy applies to all minors on the St. Louis College of Pharmacy campus participating in laboratory activities, observing in laboratories, or touring laboratory facilities.


Definitions:

Term

Definition

Child

Any person under the age of fourteen

Minor

Any person less than eighteen years of age

Biosafety Level 1 (BSL 1)

Laboratory that includes work involving well-characterized agents not known to consistently cause disease in immunocompetent adult humans, and present minimal potential hazard to laboratory personnel and the environment. Work is typically conducted on open bench tops using standard microbiological practices. Special containment equipment and or facility design is not required but may be used as determined by appropriate risk assessment.

Biosafety Level 2 (BSL 2)

Includes all aspects of BSL 1 and is suitable for work involving agents that pose moderate hazards to personnel and the environment.  It differs from BSL 1 in that: 1) laboratory personnel have specific training in handling pathogenic agents and are supervised by scientists competent in handling infectious agents and associated procedures; 2) access to the laboratory is restricted when work is being conducted; and 3) all procedures in which infectious aerosols or splashes may be created are conducted in BSCs or other physical containment equipment.

Animal Biosafety Level 1 (ABSL 1)

Animal Biosafety level 1 is suitable for work in animals involving well-characterized agents that are not known to cause disease in immunocompetent adult humans, and present minimal potential hazard to personnel and the environment. ABSL- 1 facilities should be separated from the general traffic patterns of the building and restricted as appropriate. Personnel must have specific training in animal facility procedures and must be supervised by an individual with adequate knowledge of potential hazards and experimental animal procedures.

Animal Biosafety Level 2 (ABSL 2)

ABSL 2 builds upon practices, procedures, containment equipment, and facility requirements of ABSL 1. ABSL 2 is suitable for work involving laboratory animals infected with agents associated with human disease and pose moderate hazards to personnel and the environment. It also addresses hazards from ingestion as well as from percutaneous and mucous membrane exposure. ABSL 2 requires that 1) access to the animal facility is restricted; 2) personnel must have specific training in animal facility procedures; 3) personnel must be supervised by individuals with adequate knowledge of potential hazards, microbiological agents, animal manipulations, and husbandry procedures; and 4) BSCs or other physical containment equipment is used when procedures involve the manipulation of infectious materials, or where aerosols or splashes may be created.

Biological Safety Cabinets

Referred to as BSCs, refers to an enclosed, ventilated laboratory workspace for safely working with materials contaminated with, or potentially contaminated with, pathogens requiring a defined biosafety level.

Procedures:

I. Persons under 18 years of age are not allowed in St. Louis College of Pharmacy laboratories where hazardous materials or laboratory animals are present or hazardous activities take place except under the following circumstances:

a. The minor:

i. is employed by the St. Louis College of Pharmacy, or has been formally accepted as a volunteer worker; and
ii. Has been trained in safe laboratory practices; and
iii. Has adult supervision at all times; and
iv. Has received a Child Labor Exemption Permit from the Missouri Department of Labor Standards and Industrial Relations, if required; and
v. The permit is on file with Human Resources; or

b. The minor is enrolled in a St. Louis College of Pharmacy class with a laboratory component; or
c. The minor:

i. is participating in a St. Louis College of Pharmacy program; and
ii. has been trained in safe laboratory practices; and
iii. has adult supervision; and
iv. has appropriate acknowledgment and release form signed by parent or guardian included in appendix.

 II. Missouri Child Labor Laws refer to youth under the age of 16. Per Missouri Revised Statues Chapter 294 Child Labor, unacceptable types of work or workplaces for Youth include:

a. Operating hazardous equipment: ladders, scaffolding, freight elevators, etc.;
b. Operation of any motor vehicle;
c. Metal-producing industries;
d. Jobs involving ionizing or non-ionizing radiation or radioactive materials;
e. Transporting or handling of type A and B explosives or ammunition;
f. Any job dangerous to life, limb, health, or morals of youth.

III. Restricted Areas

a. All minors are prohibited from entering the following areas:

i. Any laboratory area designated as BSL-2 or ABSL-2 including the 6th floor Academic and Research Building laboratories, Faculty research teaching lab in Jones Hall, and Microbiology laboratory areas
ii. Any laboratory where select agents are used or stored
iii. Any area under construction or renovation

IV. Restricted laboratory materials

a. All minors are prohibited from working with the following materials:

i. Acute toxins
ii. Select agents
iii. Radioactive materials
iv. Machine producing ionizing radiation
v. Explosive agents
vi. Research animals (without prior approval by IACUC)
vii. Controlled drugs (supervision required)

V. Personal Protective Equipment

a. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) refers to any protective clothing or equipment required to be worn in the laboratory. PPE choice is determined by the risk. At a minimum, minors must wear safety glasses and close-toed shoes, when in any laboratory, including for tours.
b. The sponsoring faculty/staff member of the minor(s) must provide instructions on proper use, cleaning, and/or disposal of PPE as applicable. Laboratory coats, safety glasses, and close-toed shoes are required to be worn by any minor observing in the laboratory setting. Minors participating in the laboratory setting are required to wear safety glasses, full-length trousers or skirt to cover all skin on legs, close-toed shoes, and disposable non-latex gloves. Refer to the STLCOP PPE Policy on questions regarding appropriate PPE.

VI. Emergency Medical Treatment

a. In the event a minor participating in laboratory activities in a College facility requires emergency medical treatment, representatives of St. Louis College of Pharmacy will obtain medical treatment for the minor on behalf of the minor’s guardian.
b. The primary guardian for the minor must be contacted by program staff in the event of injury or illness of a minor.

VII. Training of Minors

a. Minors observing or participating in laboratory settings must be trained in laboratory safety and operation of emergency showers and eyewash stations.
b. The sponsoring faculty/staff member of the minor(s) are responsible for providing training. Training on laboratory safety can be accessed on the STLCOP Office of Emergency Management for Faculty and Staff Moodle page.

 

Responsibilities:

Position/Office/Department

Responsibility

Office of Environmental Health and Safety

To provide leadership and guidance in lab safety, biological, chemical, and radiation safety, hazardous materials handling, removal and disposal, regulatory compliance, comprehensive training of students, faculty, and staff, and multidisciplinary inspections.

 

 

Resources:

"Section: 294.0040 Minors under sixteen not to work in certain occupations. RSMO 294.040." Section: 294.0040 Minors under sixteen not to work in certain occupations. RSMO 294.040. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017.

St. Louis College of Pharmacy Minors in Laboratories Acknowledgement and Release Form

St. Louis College of Pharmacy Minors on Campus, Children in the Workplace, and Child Protection Policy - Interim

St. Louis College of Pharmacy PPE Policy

Policy Contacts:

Name

Contact Information

Carlin Harp

314-446-8133

Eric Knoll

314-446-8375